|문서번호||작 성 일||공 개 일 자||분 류||출 처|
|07SEOUL983||2007-04-04 02:53||2011-08-30 01:44||일반||서울대사관|
DE RUEHUL #0983/01 0940253
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
R 040253Z APR 07
FM AMEMBASSY SEOUL
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 3695
INFO RUEHBJ/AMEMBASSY BEIJING 2276
RUEHKO/AMEMBASSY TOKYO 2382
RHHMUNA/CDR USPACOM HONOLULU HI
RUALSFJ/COMUSJAPAN YOKOTA AB JA
RHMFISS/COMUSKOREA J2 SEOUL KOR
RHMFISS/COMUSKOREA J5 SEOUL KOR
RHMFISS/COMUSKOREA SCJS SEOUL KOR
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHINGTON DC
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHINGTON DC//OSD/ISA/EAP//
분류자: 분류되지 않음
요약 및 시작하는 말
1. (U) 3월 20일에 국회 문화관광위 조배숙 위원장은 산업형 성매매 축소를 위한 공동 세미나를 국회에서 개최하였다.
이 세미나는 매춘 피해자 보호소 운영 및 지원을 하는 NGO, 다시함께 센터와 공동 개최되었다.
다시함께 센터에서 나온 2명의 발제자와 각 지역 및 정부의 8명의 인물이 연사로 참여하여
한국의 매춘 산업을 변화시킬 수 있는 방안을 발표했다.
패널들은 국회, 경찰청, 대검찰청, 정보통신부 등의 정부기관의 소속 인물들로 구성되었다.
한국정부는 음지에서 이루어지는 성매매 문제를 해결하기 위한 하나의 방법으로 지정된 지하 매춘 장소에서만 호객 행위를 하도록 강력히 시행해왔다.
2. (U) 2004년에 한국에서는 모든 형태의 성매매를 불법으로 만든 성매매 특별법을 통과되었다.
법안이 통과된 후, 경찰은 한국 사회의 한 단면으로 광범위하게 인정되어 오던 매춘 산업을 억제하기 위한 장기적인 노력을 시작했다.
NGO와 한국 정부는 매춘에 대한 사회 인식을 변화시키려는 노력과 함께 사회에 부정적인 영향을 주는 매춘의 단점을 부각시키 위해 힘을 쏟았다.
매춘업에 대한 단속이 시작된 후 매춘업주들은 자신들의 작업장을 전통적인 홍등가에서 마사지샵, 퇴폐 이발소, 노래방 등으로 이동시켰다.
또한 자신의 영업 상황을 은밀하게 유지하고 싶어하는 업주들에 의해 인터넷이 주요 매춘 흥정 장소로 이용되고 있다.
한국의 매춘 산업이 음지로 내려갈수록 한국 정부는 이에 보조를 맞춰 관련 규제를 강화하는 방향으로 정책을 만들고 있다.
키노트 연사: 조진경, 다시함께 센터
3. (U) “사람들의 일상생활에서의 매춘을 밝히다”의 테마로 다시함께 센터의 조진경 이사가 키노트를 시작하여
일반인들의 일상생활에 어느정도까지 매춘이 허용이 되었고, 매춘 산업이 어떻게 규제되어 왔는지 특정 사례와 함께 제시했다.
현재의 매춘 규제 노력은 산업의 비지니스 측면에 집중되었다.
광고 및 영업 면허 발급에 대한 규제를 강화하는 것이 지하 매춘 고리를 끊는 첫번째 노력이었다.
4. (U) 조 이사는 거주지에서의 매춘 행위가 얼마나 광범위하게 이루어지고 있는지에 대한 조사를 요약하여 발표하였다.
도시 지역이나 농촌 지역 모두 주거 지역에서의 매춘은 금지되어 있다.
도시지역에는 큰 기업 규모로 성장한, 룸살롱, 마사지 샵 같은 매춘 장소가 농촌 지역보다 많다.
최근의 매춘 영업의 특징은 매춘이 아닌 다른 서비스를 연상시키는 단어를 사용한다는 점이다.
농촌 지역에서는 다방, 노래방 등이 인근 모텔과 연결되어 소규모의 매춘 영업을 하는 특징을 보이고 있다.
5. (U) 매춘과 관련된 셀 수 없이 많은 웹 사이트 및 관련 정보 교류를 인터넷에서 찾을 수 있는데
그 범위는 관련 산업으로 여성을 유혹하는 광고로부터 시작해서 매춘을 자주 이용하는 사람들에 의해 작성된 리뷰에 이르기까지 다양하다.
조 이사는 현행 규제의 비효율성에 비해 매춘 산업은 사람들의 일상 생활에 맞춰 놀라운 적응력을 보여주고 있다고 언급했다.
그녀는 강력한 행정 조치(벌금, 명령 또는 위반 행위 단속을 위한 지방 자치 단체의 조례 제정)와
더 많은 경찰 단속 및 법률상의 추가 조항 천명을 요구했다.
2번째 발표자: 조민영, 다시함께 센터
6. (U) 다시함께 센터의 법률 고문인 조민영 발표자는
4번째 문단의 다시함께 센터의 조사에 등장하는 두 개 지역의 법률 규제 사례에 대해 토론을 했다.
해당 연구에서는 준 매춘 영업(합법적인 영업으로 포장되지만, 매춘이 2차적으로 추가되는 영업 형태)의
법률 위반 행위와 그에 상응하는 관리 감독 조치 사이의 숫자를 비교했다.
매춘 영업에 대하여 경고, (장부 기록 누락, 매춘 알선, 청소년의 출입 허가 등에 대한) 벌금,
(잘못된 간판, 허가받지 않은 건물 레이아웃 변경, 화재 안전 기준 미준수 등에 대한) 개선 명령 ,
비지니스에 대한 지불 정지, (원래 영업 영역인 무허가 마사지 클럽, 음란 산업 참여에 대한) 영업 허가 취소
등의 관리 감독이 이루어졌다.
조민영 발표자는 준 매춘 영업 발생 지역에 관리 감독을 위한 현행 법률이 있음에도 불구하고,
해당 법률은 효과적으로 적용하기에 너무 분명치 않거나 모호하고,
다른 법률 조항은 간단하게 시행되지 않는다고 결론을 맺었다.
저작권자ⓒ 위키리크스 한국(공유 허용)-무단복제, 전재 금지
기타 약어에 대한 설명
1. (U) Unclassified의 약자.
2. (SBU) Sensitive But Unclassified의 약자.
3. (C) Confidential의 약자. 대외비.
4. (S) Secret의 약자. 기밀.
5. (U) SIPDIS: SIPRNet distributed; SIPRNet(미 국방부 인트라넷)에 배포됨
6. (U) NOFORN: Not releasable to Foreign Nationals; 외국에 배포 금지.
UNCLAS SEOUL 000983
E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: KCRM KWMN SMIG KS
SUBJECT: KOREA BEGINS TO SEE THE LIGHT ON UNDERGROUND
SUMMARY AND INTRODUCTION
¶1. (U) Representative Cho Bae sook, Chairperson of the
Culture and Tourism Committee, co-hosted a seminar at the
National Assembly on March 20 to discuss the evolution of the
prostitution industry in Korea. The other host of the event
was the Dasi-Hamkke Center (Together Again Center), a large
NGO that provides shelter and support for victims of
prostitution and human trafficking. In addition to the two
keynote speakers from the Center, a panel of eight officials
from local and national government shared their insights into
the changing nature of the prostitution industry in Korea.
The panel included members from the National Assembly,
National Police, Chief Prosecutor's office, Ministry of
Communication and others. The ROKG has recently cracked down
on advertising used by underground prostitution venues, an
area which falls under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of
Culture and Tourism, as one way to root out the growing
problem of underground sex trade.
¶2. (U) Korea passed sweeping anti-prostitution legislation
in 2004 that made all forms of prostitution illegal. Soon
after the law was passed, police initiated several prolonged
crackdowns in an initial effort to curb the prostitution
industry that was a widely accepted behind-the-scenes part of
Korean society. As NGOs and ROKG Ministries combined their
public awareness efforts, public perception of prostitution
slowly began to change and people began to understand the
negative effects it can have on society. As pressure against
the prostitution industry mounted, brothel owners began to
shift their work to alternate venues such as massage parlors,
barber shops and singing rooms although a few traditional
red-light districts continue to operate. The Internet also
became a popular method to arrange sexual encounters because
it provided protection for business owners who wanted to keep
a low profile. As the prostitution industry in Korea
continued to move underground, the ROKG was trying to keep
pace with its legislation and law enforcement tactics. END
SUMMARY AND INTRODUCTION.
KEYNOTE SPEAKER: CHO JIN-KYUNG, DASI-HAMKKE CENTER
¶3. (U) Under the theme of "Revealing Prostitution in
People's Everyday Lives," the keynote speaker, Cho Jin-kyung,
Director of Dasi-Hamkke Center, shared specific examples of
how prostitution had permeated into the daily lives of
ordinary citizens and how the industry was regulated.
Current regulation efforts are centered on the business
aspects of the industry. Stricter regulation of advertising
and issuance of business licenses were the first steps in
putting pressure on underground prostitution rings.
¶4. (U) Director Cho summarized the findings of a research
project her organization conducted to find out how widespread
prostitution was in residential areas. The research showed
that prostitution in residential areas was prevalent in both
urban and rural areas. Urban areas had more large-size,
high-end venues for prostitution like large "room-salons" and
massage parlors that grew into established businesses. One
recent trend was for prostitution businesses to use
incorrectly spelled words on their sign boards to indicate
that the business provides a "different" service. In rural
areas, underground prostitution businesses tended to be more
small-sized, low-end coffee shops or music bars (norae bang),
often with connections to a neighboring motel.
¶5. (U) Countless websites and exchanges of information
relating to prostitution were found on the Internet, ranging
from advertisements to lure women into the business to
reviews by customers who frequented these underground
brothels. Cho noted the remarkable adaptability of the
prostitution industry to suit people's daily lives compared
to the ineffectiveness of current regulations. She called
for stronger administrative action (fines, orders or other
actions levied by the local government for breach of local
ordinances), more police crackdowns and further clarification
of the provisions in the law.
SPEAKER 2: CHO MIN-YOUNG, DASI-HAMKKE CENTER
¶6. (U) Cho Min-young, Legal Counsel of the Dasi-Hamkke
Center, discussed the legal regulations pertaining to the two
neighborhoods where the Center conducted its fact-finding
survey described in para. 4. The study compared the number
of legal violations committed by quasi-prostitution
businesses (businesses that primarily provide a legitimate
business service with prostitution as a secondary business)
and the corresponding administrative actions that were
imposed. Some of the administrative actions taken against
the businesses included warnings and fines (for poor
bookkeeping, brokering prostitution and admitting juveniles
to the premises), correction orders (for "misleading
signboards, unauthorized changes in the layout of the
building and noncompliance with fire codes), suspension of
business and cancellation of business permits (for operating
outside of their original business category, operating a
massage parlor without a license and engaging in lewd or
indecent business). Cho concluded that although the current
laws included provisions for administrative actions against
quasi-prostitution venues, they were often too vague or
ambiguous to be applied effectively while other provisions
were simply not enforced.
¶7. (U) Prosecutor Kang Ji-sik from the Seoul Central
District Prosecutors' Office suggested that the Ministry of
Justice (MOJ) implement stronger administrative controls on
real estate. For example, some prostitution businesses are
closed down only to reopen in the same location under a new
name. Korea should also shift from a registration-based
system to a permission-based system for those business types
that are now synonymous with underground prostitution. Kang
also suggested that the MOJ provide more compensation for
informants in an effort to root out more underground
¶8. (U) Director General Kwon Yong-hyun from the Ministry of
Gender Equality and Family (MOGEF) suggested that Korea
needed to establish a legal framework to regulate
quasi-prostitution businesses whereas there are currently
very few legal channels to pursue. Kwon recommended stronger
punishment of building owners who knowingly allow
prostitution to occur on the property. Finally, Kwon urged
the central government to be harsher in its assessment of
local government's regulatory practices for underground
¶9. (U) Team Director Park Soon-tae from the Ministry of
Culture and Tourism said his Ministry had championed efforts
since late 2006 to prevent "norae bang" (singing rooms) from
turning into quasi-prostitution venues. The Ministry
promoted legislation that prohibited the sale of alcoholic
beverages and prohibited the employment of "waitresses" who
worked as prostitutes.
¶10. (U) Director Seo Jae-yul from the Seoul Metropolitan
City Government reported the number of crackdowns on
entertainment businesses: 85 bars, 87 singing bars, 132
lodging facilities, 172 barber shops and 2 massage parlors
were subject to administrative actions between 2004 and 2006.
Seo highlighted several challenges that police face when
carrying out crackdowns; ineffectiveness due to the secret
nature of the prostitution industry, jurisdiction limitations
of local government officials, weak punishment and legal
¶11. (U) Researcher Yun Deok-kyung from the Korean Women's
Development Institute highlighted the difficulty in providing
evidence of prostitution at quasi-prostitution venues. Yun
questioned the effectiveness of administrative actions and
pointed out that only a small number of cases were actually
prosecuted. Yun recognized that "whistle-blowers" play the
most effective role in cracking down on prostitution, but
remained skeptical of how many of those cases booked for
investigation through an insider's tip actually resulted in
indictments and punishment.
¶12. (U) Women and Youth Team Director Lee Geum-hyung from
the Korean National Police Agency argued that, unlike what
many call a "balloon effect" (as the prostitution industry is
constricted in Korea, prostitutes move to other countries
with less law enforcement pressure) it was unfair to blame
the Anti-Prostitution Act of 2004 as the root cause of
quasi-prostitution activities. Since the law was enacted in
2004, crackdowns on quasi-prostitution venues far outnumbered
those on traditional red-light districts (44 percent to 4
percent, respectively). Lee also highlighted the growing
number of victims who utilized the National Police Agency's
117 hotline (1,012 in 2004; 1,679 in 2005; 2,595 in 2006).
Through this hotline, 598 victims were rescued and 2,187
pimps or business owners providing prostitution services were
booked for investigation. She expressed concern about the
sharp increase in the use of the Internet as a channel to
lure juveniles into prostitution. Since the enactment of the
on Act in 2004, 590 out of 744 cases, or 79 percent of
juvenile prostitution cases, were brokered through the
¶13. (U) Rep. Hong Mi-young, a member of the Uri Party and
the National Assembly Women's Affairs Committee, laid out her
plans to initiate bills to revise the law on preventing
prostitution and protecting victims. Specifically, Hong
proposed to amend the following laws:
--Act on the Prevention of Prostitution and Protection of
Victims: Add a new clause on administrative actions so that
local governments would have more power to order the closure
of businesses providing prostitution services.
--Act on the Punishment of Prostitution Brokerage: Add a new
clause that would enable officials to subject business owners
to punishment when they have repeated violations.
--Building Act: Add a new clause that subjects a business to
administrative action if they illegally remodel a building
for the purpose of engaging in prostitution.
--Public Health Management Act: Add a clause that would
include prostitution brokerage as the grounds for business
closure and extend the period of business suspension when
found to have continued operating a business after issuance
of a closure order.
¶14. (SBU) The ROKG is finally beginning to devote more time
and resources to better address the changing nature of the
prostitution industry in Korea. Recognizing that the
industry has long since adapted to the 2004 laws, Korean
lawmakers are scrambling to find better ways to update and
enforce the existing laws. Although many in Korea cite the
notion of a "balloon effect" of prostitutes leaving Korea for
other countries, this is not to say that the prostitution
industry is shrinking considerably in Korea. While many of
the initiatives discussed at the conference appear to be
effective methods for limiting the supply of prostitution,
there was little discussion about how to address the demand.
¶15. (SBU) Park Hyun-sook of the Ministry of Gender Equality
and Family told poloff that in 2004, only 30 percent of the
population knew that prostitution was illegal while today the
number is 93 percent. A serious debate on the issue erupted
late last year as MOGEF introduced a plan where men would be
paid if they promised not to engage in prostitution as part
of the traditional end-of-year parties hosted by their
employers. Many men were angered that the Ministry continued
to perpetuate the idea that most men still engage in
prostitution. The plan was quickly halted but not before the
media in Korea and abroad highlighted the incident as part of
a larger problem in Korea. Any long-term plan that will
effectively reduce the size of the prostitution problem in
Korea will need to include programs to change the way Koreans
view buying and selling sex.